Hawick News and Border Chronicle
1 March 1918

Hawick Bakers Fined
At Hawick Sheriff Court on Wednesday – Sheriff-Substitute Bailie presiding – Thomas Martin, baker, 3 High Street, pleaded guilty to having on 6th February, exposed for sale six loaves of bread, each of which did not weigh an even number of lbs as required by the Bread Order. Mr Martin referred to the difficulties bakers had to contend with, and said that he had tried his best to make the bread palatable, and this had occurred in the process of making it dry and palatable. Every batch of flour he got in was different. The Prosecutor (Mr Hilson) said that when Chief Constable Thom, who was appointed to carry out the Orders, called at the shop on the Wednesday, along with Mr Johnstone, executive officer, and weighed one of the loaves, Mr Martin said the bread was baked on the Sunday, four days previously. Mr Thom said he thought that could hardly be so as the bread was quite soft at the time, but he asked him to weigh a loaf of the previous day’s baking, and it was also short. A week prior to that a visit was made to the shop, and on that occasion a warning was given. The Sheriff said he appreciated the difficulties but the law said the bread must be right. He was fined £2, or seven days.

Shetland Times
3 March 1883

The Weather and Mails – Foula
Nine weeks have now expired since our last mail was landed, and all our resources are almost exhausted. Sugar and tobacco have been all done for more than a fortnight, and tea, coffee, etc, are now done also. Those who had a little meal to spare have helped those who had none, a thing often done in Foula, but if the weather does not moderate we will soon be all alike. The boat has been in readiness now for some time to go to Walls for supplies, and as the weather has become a little more moderate today they are going to make a start, so we hope that they may get safe through, and a chance to return again soon. But we doubt if the mail boat will be able to cross today yet, as the wind still inclines to the westward.

Alloa Advertiser
6 March 1858
Caution to Parents and Teachers

To the Editor: Sirs – In the report of the Royal Edinburgh Lunatic Asylum for this year occurs the following passage: 'Eleven of the cases admitted were idiots or imbeciles, and, of course, hopeless. One of these had been a very intelligent boy, until one day in school he was struck by his master with a ruler behind the ear. He soon after lost his speech, and on recovering it, about six months afterwards, he was found to be quite silly and continues to be so still after the lapse of ten years. He is an incoherent imbecile'. The above extract is well deserving the attention of parents and teachers. It is well-known that many children have a tendency to head complaints which, if not excited into active disease, is likely to be outgrown: but, in such cases, a very trifling cause may be sufficient to awake the slumbering malady. And nothing is more likely to do so than blows on the head.

I was lately consulted by a young man who, for twelve years, has had a discharge from the ear, occasionally with dangerous symptoms, and from the history of the case, I have no doubt that the commencement of the disease was rightly ascribed to a blow on the ear by the schoolmaster’s hand. I have known many cases of children who have died of water in the head, in which the disease has been ascribed, probably with truth, to a similar cause. And every medical man of experience could bear similar testimony. Sometimes, although more rarely, diseases in other parts of the body, such as tumours and growths, have been excited by strokes of the schoolmaster’s taws or cane. This is especially apt to occur in delicate or scrofulous children.

My object in this communication is to urge upon parents and teachers the great superiority, in point of safety, of the old-fashioned 'pawmy' with the taws to any other punishment; and besides its safety it has another advantage. In flogging with the cane, or blows with the hand, the master, unless he has a very good temper, is very apt in the excitement of the moment, to punish more severely than, at first, he intended; but the pawmy prevents this by securing a greater amount of deliberation in inflicting the punishment.

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